Complete Streets for Canada

policy and design hub for building safe and inviting streets for all

Ten Elements of a Complete Streets Policy

The National Complete Streets Coalition in the US identified ten elements of a comprehensive Complete Streets policy. The ten elements work together to ensure that the a Complete Streets policy is comprehensive enough to encourage uniform and effective implementation.

These ten elements were used to develop the Policy Measurement Tool to rate the strength of Complete Streets policies in U.S. jurisdictions. In the Canadian context, however,  few municipalities have adopted an official standalone Complete Streets policy, but do include Complete Streets language into high-level policy documents such as Official Plans and Transportation Master Plans. Therefore, a revised version of the Policy Measurement Tool was adopted by Toronto Centre for Active Transportation to meet the larger-scale policy context in Ontario. Specifically, the tool was designed to assess the overall prevalence of the ideas associated with Complete Streets in the Official Plans, as opposed to rating the actual strength of each element on a numerical basis. 

Based on the ten elements outlined below, TCAT analyzes the strength of the Complete Streets components within Canadian policy documents. This analysis is available in synthesis reports, currently available for the following municipalities:

The ten elements are: